Showing posts with label English Post. Show all posts
Showing posts with label English Post. Show all posts

Ginger Farming Full Information

 Ginger आले ( अद्रक )

                        Medium quality, well-drained and well drained soil is suitable for cultivation of this crop. The alluvial soil along the river is suitable for growing tubers. If you want to cultivate ginger in light soil, you should use a lot of manure, compost or green manure so that the yield of ginger is good. Depth of soil to a pan, which impedes rooting. I Should be

 Ginger आले ( अद्रक )

Ginger Fertilizer Management

 Ginger requires less than 16 nutrients in total. Therefore, when using fertilizers, use balanced and adequate amount of fertilizers. While preparing the land for ginger cultivation, apply 120 kg N (urea), 75 kg potash and 75 kg P (super phosphate) per hectare at the time of planting. Apply half dose of Nitrogen (Urea) fertilizer about 1 month after completion of germination. The remaining half of N should be given after 2.5 to 3 months (at the time of extraction). At that time 1.5 to 2 tons of neem powder should be given.

Ginger cultivates the distance

                             If weedicides are not used during ginger cultivation, weeding should be done on time and weeding should be done when the crop is 2.5 to 3 months old. For this the soil is moved with a long stick hoe. This causes the roots to break off and new fibrous roots to break out. The ginger crop usually flowers in the fifth to sixth month. They are called hurde bonds. Late pruning should be done before the arrival of hurde bonds (flowers). After the hurdle bond breaks, the growth of leaves of this crop stops and the growth of fungi begins. Apply a light amount of water after weeding, so that the footways burst well. (Income can be reduced by 10 to 15 per cent if left unmanaged)

Ginger crop gap

                    Care should be taken to ensure that the intercrop does not compete with the main crop while intercropping. Ginger can be grown as a distance crop like cilantro, chilli, marigold, tur, guar.

(Naphthalene acetic acid and urea should be used on the 60th and 75th day as recommended to increase the yield and reduce the fiber content.)

Pest control in ginger

Tuber fly (कंद माशी)

1) Tuber fly : -

                         Ginger crop is affected by tuber blight. The fly is dark in color and resembles a mosquito but is larger in size. The fly lays its eggs near the stem and the larvae nest in open burrows. The larvae infest the fungus due to larval infestation and then the tubers rot (rot).

Remedy : -

             To control tuber fly, apply Quinolphos (25% solution) 20 ml as soon as the tuber fly appears. Or 10% carbaryl 20 kg per hectare or dimethoate 15 m. Lee. Mix in 10 liters of water and spray alternately at intervals of 15 days. Spread ferrate (10% granular) at the rate of 25 kg / ha around the trunk of the plant and give shallow water immediately if it does not rain. (Rotten or partially rotted seeds should not be used for planting)

Leaf-rolling larvae ( पाने गुंडाळणारी आळी )

2) Leaf rolling larvae

                           The leaf-rolling larvae are green in color, wrap the leaf around their body after hatching and eat the leaves inside (Leaf-rolling larvae infestation is seen from the last week of August to the second week of November).

Remedy : -

          Collect and destroy the leaves wrapped in larvae. Dichlorvos 10 m. Ltd. Or Carbarin 40 gm per 10 liters of water should be sprayed. (Influenza pesticides should be used if the incidence is high)

3) Trunk borer

                                   The larvae feed on small trunks. As the hole is pierced by this worm, the trunk turns yellow and starts drying out. (Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during July to October.)

Remedy : -

               For control of stem borer larvae apply 10 ml at 1 month intervals. Malathion should be mixed in one liter of water and sprayed alternately.

Ginger crop diseases

1) Mulkuj, ​​Kandakuj (Gadde Kuj)

                                   Ginger root is caused by fungi like Fusarium pithium and Rhizoctonia. Its symptoms are that the leaves are drying from the tip to the stem. Also, at the beginning, the tops of the leaves turn yellow with dull edges and dry up to the bottom. The underground part of the khanda is dark gray in color and when the soil of the yathik is set aside, the gaddi also appears to have turned black and faded. The disease mainly affects nematodes or weeds, if the tuber is injured during intercropping, it causes fungus outbreak and the tuber starts to rot.

Remedy : -

                   Ground water should be drained. Also the tubers to be used for planting are Carbendazim 15 gm + Ecalux 20 ml. Soak the tubers in 10 liters of water for 20 minutes. Only disease free seeds should be used at the time of planting. If the disease is found in the field, fungicides should be sprayed alternately.

Leaf spot as well as other diseases ( पानावरील ठिपके तसेच ईतर रोग )

2) Dots on the page

                           The disease starts on the leaf and then spreads all over the leaf. Numerous round spots are formed on the leaf.

Remedy : -

              If such spots are found on the leaves, spray 25 to 30 gms of Mancozep or 10 to 15 gms of Carbendazim mixed in 10 liters of water per spray (depending on the weather conditions, spray the fungicides at intervals of 15 to 20 days in September to November).

3) Nematodes

               The nematodes absorb the sap from the roots. As a result, the growth of the crop is stunted and the leaves turn yellow. The fungus, which causes cauliflower, is easily exposed through the holes made by nematodes.

Remedy : -

             For control of nematodes at the time of planting, 5 kg Trichoderma + well decomposed manure per hectare should be mixed or 25 kg ferrate (10 g) per hectare should be mixed in the soil or 18 to 20 quintals of neem powder should be mixed in the soil.

(🙏 A humble request to the farmer friends. If you like the information, please share it with your fellow farmers so that they too can benefit from it.)


NUTRIENTS REQUIRED FOR GROWTH

The growth of crops for which they are suitable for soil nutrients  nutrients it  says. An average of 16 nutrients are  required for good growth of any crop  These  16 nutrients  are divided into three groups. 

1) Main food: -

Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash are the major nutrients required by the crops which are obtained from the soil and manure.

Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are also essential elements for plant growth. They get what is supplied to them through air and water.

2) Secondary  nutrients: -

Calcium,  Magnesium, Sulfur are the nutrient crops required in moderation. They are also supplied to the crops from the soil.

3) Micronutrients: -

Crops also need nutrients like iron, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, boron, chlorine, but this requirement is very low. 

Micronutrients and their function

Micronutrients and their function 


Farmer friends, today we will look at the function of micronutrients on the crop and learn a little about the effects on the crop. Details will be provided shortly

The micronutrients and information are as follows

1) Iron - Fe)
Importance  : - Iron is a very important element. (Chlorophyll) Green matter gives green color to the leaves. Plants cannot produce chlorophyll without iron. Moreover, plants cannot take in oxygen. So iron helps maintain the yellow color of the leaves.

2) Manganese - Mn
Importance: - Manganese is used in plants for various functions like photosynthesis, respiration, and proper nitrogen uptake. Manganese causes pollen germination, an increase in pollen ducts, and an increase in immunity to pathogens. Manganese deficiency stunts crop growth and keeps the crop in the same condition as it is.

3) Zinc - Zn
Significance: - It is one of the eight essential nutrients. Although required in small quantities for plants, it is important for plant growth. It is one of the main constituents of many enzymes and proteins in plants. Zinc activates enzymes that are responsible for the synthesis of specific proteins. It helps in the production of chlorophyll and some carbohydrates, the conversion of starch into sugar as well as the prevention of temperature in plant tissues.

4) Copper - Cu
Significance: - Copper plays an essential role in the process of photosynthesis. Required for respiratory processing of crops. The taste, color and color of the flowers of the crop is best with the right amount of copper. Copper is stable which means that its deficiency symptoms appear in new leaves. Newly arrived leaves are small and the leaves are not bright. 

Molybdenum - Mo)
Importance: - Molybdenum is used to convert nitrate in crop or nitrogen taken from soil into protein. Symptoms of nitrogen deficiency can occur if malibdenum is not obtained in the right amount. And that's why the edges of the water look like they've been stored without using nitrate.

Boron (Bron - B)
Importance: - Boron acts as cell division in crops. As any living thing on this earth grows, its cells divide. Crops do not grow properly if cell division is disrupted. Boron deficiency is seen in the growth of shoots, flowers and fruits.